Written by Rachel Lindvall, former SDSU Extension Family & Community Health Associate.
Many people may find themselves feeling worried or concerned about having enough food in their homes. Whether these worries stem from financial troubles, or from concerns about weather related emergencies, food insecurity is a major problem for many South Dakota families. One way to help with these worries and concerns is to purchase canned or dried foods also known as shelf-stable items.
What are Shelf-Stable Foods?
Shelf-stable means that these foods are able to survive long periods of time on store or home shelves without spoiling. Unopened and in their sealed containers or packaging, these items can be kept in the pantry and do not need refrigeration. Such foods may be found in the canned food section of the grocery store but, dried items like jerkies and fruits and baked items like crackers, cereals and granola are also shelf-stable. It is very important to keep in mind that some foods, like canned meats, fruits and vegetables, once opened, will need refrigeration for any leftover amounts.
While fresh foods are usually recommended for meal preparation, studies show canned foods are comparable to cooked, fresh and frozen varieties in providing major vitamins and nutrients to the American diet. Some canned foods can be considered high in sodium or sugars. Read the labels to look for fruits or vegetables that are low in these additives. You can also strain and rinse off the salty or sugary liquids from canned beans, vegetables and fruits.
Some great examples of shelf-stable foods that are budget friendly and can be used to make delicious, healthful meals including the following:
- Proteins: Beans, lentils, peas- all either dried or canned, peanut butter, canned tuna, salmon, chicken and other meats, peanuts and other tree nuts
- Dairy: Powdered milk, shelf-stable milk, canned evaporated milk
- Grains & Starchy Foods: Rice, couscous, quinoa, tortillas, and pastas, crackers, cornmeal, wheat flours, along with baking powder, baking soda
- Fruits & Vegetables: So many varieties are canned or dried like raisins, apricots, prunes and unsweetened applesauce. Avoid fruit juices since they tend to cost more and often include extra sugars and preservatives.
Things to Consider
If you have access to refrigeration in your home, consider purchasing eggs. While they do require cold storage, they are versatile, an excellent and economical source of protein, and can be easily kept fresh in the refrigerator for at least one month.
Always remember to keep food safety in mind when choosing canned food at your grocery stores or community food pantries. Never choose canned foods that are past their expiration dates or have any flaw such as dents or bulges.
Shelf-stable foods offer many ways of saving money and providing satisfying and favorable homemade meals for your family. Using these foods for preparing meals can be pleasing and provide a sense of well-being to those who are looking to stretch their food dollars further or be prepared for year-round emergency situations.