Skip to main content

4-H Electricity Project

pair of hands soldering a green electronic circuit board

Every day we flip switches and push buttons to power and control various items, but how does flipping a switch turn on the light or how does pushing a button boot up the computer? The answer can be found by investigating electricity and circuits. The 4-H electricity program allows youth explore the science behind electricity and develop various skills including: safe electrical practices, proper usage of fuses and circuit breakers, proper wiring techniques, and so much more.

Ages and Stages of Youth Development


Beginners in the electricity project will develop a basic vocabulary related to electricity including but not limited to current, voltage, resistors, and conductors. Youth will learn about building parallel and series circuits.


Juniors in the electrical project will gain knowledge related to measuring electrical usage and determining electrical loads. They will also learn how to safely wire electrical components.


Seniors participating in the electricity project will learn to differentiate between electric and electronic. Their knowledge related to electrical components such as resisters and capacitors will grow.

4-H Programming Priorities


Youth can choose to incorporate leadership into their electrical project by leading a workshop on building circuits or organizing an electrical safety campaign.

Health & Wellness

Through the electrical project, youth can explore the role that electronics play within the health care industry and the impact they have in keeping us healthy.


The physical sciences examine the basic principles of electrons and their movement. The movement of these electrons is known as electricity.


Electricity has a range of agricultural applications and is widely used in the field today. These applications can be explored through the electricity project.

Get Involved

two green conversation bubbles

Youth Voice

  • Demonstration on properly wiring an outlet
  • Illustrated talk about electrical safety
  • Teach how to build a simple circuit
3 green outlines of hands

Community Service

  • Promote electrical safety in your community
  • Volunteer to help a neighbor check their home for electrical safety issues
green puzzle pieces

Career Connections

  • Automotive design
  • Broadcasting/media
  • Electrical engineer
  • Electrician
  • Instrumentation
  • Line worker
  • Power plant operator

Exhibit Ideas

  • Make a circuit board
  • Make or remake lamp
  • Put together an electric motor
  • Create a radio
  • Make a flashlight
  • Build an extension cord
  • Create a poster about:
    • Wire types/sizes
    • Current
    • Conductors or resistors
    • Electrical safety

Learning Resources