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Aging in Place

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Older South Dakotans report that it is very important to stay in the home for as long as possible. Unfortunately, most housing in South Dakota is not designed to meet the changing needs of a lifetime. Most homes are missing one or more of the basic accessibility (lever-style door handles and faucets; extra-wide hallways and doors; accessible electrical controls; no-step entry; and single-level living option). Even when these features are present, it does not mean that a home is aging-in-place ready. For example, feature of the laundry room or kitchen may make it difficult to preform critical routine tasks. 

Universal design (UD) emerged in the 1980s as an approach to design that aims to create products and environments to be used by people of all ages, sizes, and abilities, with minimal need for specialized disability-specific features (e.g., lower counter type height). UD may seem like a rather daunting and expensive approach, but in fact, increasing implementation in new housing will likely reduce the need for costly structural renovations. 

Given the condition of the current stock of homes, it is critical for adults who plan to remain in the home to complete home modifications necessary for aging in place. Perhaps the most critical feature to consider is having the option for single level living on the entry level. This means that there is a bedroom or a room that could be used for sleeping and an accessible bathroom on same floor that is used to entry and exit them home. A home can still be multi-story so long as the option for single level living is available. Please note that the vast majority of homes have at least one step up to enter the building. Therefore, a ramp will likely be needed eventually to ensure the entry level can be accessed by someone using a wheelchair. 

Other considerations for aging in place:

  • Transportation: how will you reach desired destinations when you are no longer able to drive? Are services like Lyft or Uber available in your community? Is there a public bus or transportation service? Are friends or loved ones able to help get you two and from errands?
  • Services: what options are available for home (meal preparation, laundry, etc.) and health (medication management, wound care, etc.) care in the home? Is an adult child or other family member able to help? How much do your preferred services cost? How will you pay for those services?
  • Social activities: what activities are most important to you (e.g., church)?  How will you continue to engage in those activities? Are your preferred activities in close proximity to your home?

Tips to get started on making your home aging-in-place ready:

  1. Assess your current home to identify features that may make it more difficult to remain in the home if you or a loved one develop an activity limiting disability (e.g., laundry room in the basement). You may want to consult a Certified Aging in Place Specialist. 
  2. Make a list of the most important features you would like included in your forever home. Prioritize items from most to least important.
  3. Identify local building laws that you must adhere to as you develop your renovation plan. If you are planning to renovate the entire home, you may want to enlist the help of a designer and a project manager. 
  4. Secure permits and financing for the project.
  5. Closely monitor the project as it progresses to ensure the specifications you requested are implemented, particularly those needed to make your home aging-in-place ready. .

Resources

All Aging in Place Content

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Is Your Home Aging-In-Place Ready?

February 27, 2020

SDSU Extension and NDSU Extension will be hosting a free webinar entitled “How to stay in your home longer.”

Group of men playing a board game outside.

The Emotional Challenges of Relocating

Our home is the physical embodiment of our memories. Unfortunately, our home is not always the best place for us to remain as we reach advanced age.

a dad and mom with three children and a yellow lab walking through short grass

Aging Gracefully Expo - Planning Guide for Remote Locations

This guide includes expectations, planning timeline, checklist, evaluation tools, and other items to help with preparation for hosting the Aging Gracefully Expo in your community.

a dad and mom with three children and a yellow lab walking through short grass

A Profile of Older South Dakotans

The increase in the number of older people (65+) in South Dakota is arguably one of the most significant social changes of our time.

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Older Adults

Over the next 20 years, the number of adults over the age of 65 will increase dramatically.

A brick apartment building.

Housing Options

We have a wide range of housing options as we age. SDSU Extension compiled these resources to help us understand what is available to us.

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How Livable is Your Community?

South Dakota offers great communities for people of all ages and is consistently highly ranked as a great place to age in.

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Moving Forward Together

In this article, we will look at potential steps we can take to create a society that promotes positive and purposeful aging for us all.

Transportation collage: carriage, train, car, bicycle.

Planes, Trains, & Automobiles: The Role of Transportation to Aging in Place

Having reliable and affordable transportation is key to aging in place.

An older woman walking on a sidewalk.

Aging in Place: The Importance of Walkability

Walkability is an important part of aging in place for many reasons.