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4-H Horticulture, Gardening & Landscaping Project

an assortment of fresh garden vegetables

Youth will learn how to outline, plant, sustain and harvest their own plant life for beauty, health and cuisine. This project will give youth an opportunity to learn that plants play an important role for animals and humans providing food, shelter, fiber, medicine, oxygen, and beauty. Gardens will also provide the setting to educate and/or emphasize the concepts of: Appreciation of nature, plant growth and development, science and nutrition.

Ages and Stages of Youth Development


Beginners can grow and sustain a garden, collect and identify seeds, harvest produce, identify garden insects, and exhibit products from a garden. They learn garden safety and the parts of a plant and their functions.


Juniors can identify the different soil types, describe the necessary nutrients for a plant, and transport a plant. They learn the water cycle, how to make a meal with garden produce, and how a compost pile works.


Seniors can make an herb garden, test soil samples, learn pest management methods, develop a plan for a traditional garden or raised bed garden, and create and implement a garden plan.

4-H Programming Priorities


Youth can give a presentation or demonstration on gardening methods, assist in teaching a gardening class, or schedule a garden nursery tour for their 4-H club.

Health & Wellness

Related to health and wellness, youth can research and prepare a meal following USDA’s MyPlate standards learn new cooking methods for produce.


Youth really expand their knowledge of plants and soils. They can observe the steps from seed to table and experiment with gardening in different soil types.


Partnering with local farmers can give insight on growing produce. Grow and sell vegetables at the local farmers market and share gardening methods with consumers.

Get Involved

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Youth Voice

  • Illustrated talk describing the parts of a plant
  • Demonstration on different garden tools and techniques
  • Discuss vegetable harvest times
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Community Service

  • Donate extra garden produce to local food pantry
  • Adopt a flower/vegetable/fruit garden or bed
  • Volunteer at a community garden
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Career Connections

  • Operate a vegetable farm, plant shop, or landscaping service
  • Marketing for a large operation
  • Landscape Design
  • Pest management

Exhibit Ideas

  • Exhibit vegetables, herbs or flowers
  • Make a poster identifying the parts of a plant
  • Create a compost container
  • Enter special foods using produce from your garden
  • Design a garden
  • Compare gardens made in different areas of brown county, South Dakota or worldwide