Skip to main content

Crop Budgets

Updated November 13, 2023

Jack Davis

SDSU Extension Crops Business Management Field Specialist

The SDSU Extension Crop Budgets are provided for producers to determine the preliminary cost of production for the major commodities grown in South Dakota.

To use the spreadsheet, producers should provide their own costs for the different expense items listed. In the spreadsheet, producers should know their anticipated seeding rate and seed cost, the rate of fertilizer (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous, sulfur etc.) that will be applied, and the cost per unit for these items. The same needs to be done for all pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) that will be used.

Other costs that need to be included are: crop insurance, fuel and oil, repairs, custom hire, drying and operation interest rate.

These budgets are provided to aid producers with risk and price management decision making. Producers that know their cost of production can combine risk management tools, like crop insurance, with marketing tools to limit losses or increase their average selling price.

Disclaimer: The preceding is presented for informational purposes only. SDSU does not endorse the services, methods or products described herein, and makes no representations or warranties of any kind regarding them. This publication is not legal advice and should not be substituted for the guidance and recommendations of experienced legal counsel. Legal questions specific to your situation should be directed to a licensed attorney.