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State Shooting Sports

Updated February 05, 2020

John Keimig

SDSU Extension Youth Safety Field Specialist

Rules and Resources

  • BB Gun: NRA BB Gun Rules
  • Air Rifle: National Standard Three-Position Air Rifle Rules (11th Edition) or NRA Sporter Air Rifle Position Rules (May 2018)
    • Beginner and Junior shooters may have coaching on the line.
  • Air Pistol: Air Pistol Rules
  • 22 Rifle: NRA Smallbore Rifle Rules (January 2018)
  • CMP: CMP Games Rifle and Pistol Competition Rules (8th Edition)
  • 22 Silhouette
  • Archery: Archery Rules
  • Trap, Skeet and Sporting Clays Rules: Trap, Skeet and Sporting Clays Rules
  • Muzzle Loading: National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association Rules & Regulations (2019 Edition)
  • 22 Pistol: NRA Pistol Rules (2016 Edition) with the following modifications:
    • For all events, junior shooters may use two hands, while senior shooters may only use one.
    • Scopes are allowed for ALL 22 pistol events at state.
    • All events are single pistol matches, meaning participants are to shoot the entire course of fire, with the same pistol.
    • No pistol changes will be allowed between stages, and only one pistol per shooter is allowed on the line. Pistols may be replaced only if they are disabled or malfunctioning.
    • All smallbore pistols are required to use an OBI (open bolt indicator) — also called a CBI (Clear Barrel Indicator) or similar — when the handgun is uncased and not being fired. Cased pistols will be the last equipment to be brought to the range and the first to be removed from it.
    • For the Bullseye event, the competition consists of 30 record shots on an NRA B-8 target at 25 yards. Any revolver using a .22 caliber rim-fire cartridge is allowed if its barrel length, including cylinder, of not more than 10 inches. The trigger pull may not be less than 2 pounds. Any sights, including telescopic, are permitted with the exception of those sights that project an image on the target. Open sights may be adjustable but not over 10 inches apart measured from the apex of the rear sight to the apex of the front sight. Any sighting device programmed to activate the firing mechanism is prohibited. All standard safety features of the gun must operate properly.
    • For the modified Camp Perry Round, the competition consists of 30 record shots, with 10 each of slow fire, timed-fire and rapid-fire on an NRA B-8 target at 25 yards. For slow fire the time limit is 5 minutes for a 10 shot string, for timed-fire the time limit is 20 seconds per 5-shot string, and for rapid-fire it is 10 seconds per 5-shot string. The pistol may be any .22 rimfire pistol, either semi-automatic or revolver. It may have orthopedic or specially-shaped grips. The pistol must have a trigger pull of at least two (2) pounds. Because of time constraints during the state match, sight requirements for Bullseye are followed. For national competition, sights are restricted to open sights (service pistol rules) with adjustable rear sights. South Dakota 4-H adheres to the NRA Pistol Rulebook for all other questions.

State Qualifying Match Scores


Division Beginner Junior Senior
CWOS 70 70 70
CWOS-R 80 80 80
CWS 85 85 85
CWS-R 110 110 110
RWOS 60 60 60
RWS 70 70 70
Compound Open 135 135 135
Recurve Open 100 100 100



Division Beginner Junior Senior
BB Gun 250 300 325
Air Pistol 100 100 110
Air Rifle 110 150 175
.22 Rifle NA 100 150
.22 Pistol NA 50 50
Shotgun 10/25 13/25 30/50
Muzzleloading NA Score 50 on 50-yd. bullseye target Score 50 on 50-yd. bullseye target


Course of Fire for Qualifying Matches

  • BB Gun: All divisions shoot from four positions (prone, standing, kneeling, sitting) using a 10-bull target. (AR4/10) Orion targets will be used at State.
  • Air Rifle: All divisions shoot from three positions (prone, standing, kneeling) using a 10-bull target. (AR5/10) Orion targets will be used at State.
  • 22 Rifle: Both divisions shoot from three positions (prone, standing, kneeling) using an A-17 10-bull target, OR shoot from three positions (prone, standing, choice of sitting or kneeling) using the CMP single bull target slow fire only for 300 points.
  • Air Pistol: Junior shooters may sit or stand, using one or two hands to hold the pistol. Seniors must stand, and use one hand to hold the pistol. All divisions have five shots per target on four targets or one 4-bull target (maximum score is 200). Orion targets will be used at State.
  • 22 Pistol: Holds are the same as Air Pistol. All divisions have 10 shots per target on three targets (timed, rapid and bullseye) using a B-8 one bull target. or the B-3 indoor target (designed for 50 ft range).
  • Archery: All divisions shoot 30 arrows. Beginners shoot from 10 yards, Juniors from 15 yards and Seniors from 20 yards. All archers may shoot from CWS, CWS-R, CWOS, CWOS-R, RWS, RWOS, Open-R or Open. Beginners and Juniors may have a maximum draw weight of 45 pounds. Senior draw weight is 60 pounds. No markings of any kind are allowed in the w/out sight shooting. Open class shooters may use any equipment they desire.
  • Shotgun: In Matches, if a perfect (25/25 BEG & JR 50/50 SR) score is achieved, the youth shoots until they miss. The total targets shot without a miss will be reported as the match score and that reported score will be the tiebreaking score.
  • Muzzleloading: All divisions shoot 10 shots from standing position, using the NMLA 50 yard target.


First, second, third, fourth and fifth place awards will be awarded as long as the individuals have accumulated a state qualifying score. Team certificates will be awarded with a ratio of one placing for every five teams entered.

Related Terms

4-H Shooting Sports