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Planting Projections 2020

Updated April 06, 2020
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Heather Gessner

SDSU Extension Livestock Business Management Field Specialist

A bar graph displaying corn planting intentions from 2015 to 2016. The years 2019 and 2020 both show 6,000,000 acres. For a complete description, call SDSU Extension at 605-688-6729.
Figure 1. Corn planting intentions 2015 to 2020.

South Dakota producers recently indicated they plan to plant 12.9 million acres of corn, soybeans and wheat in 2020, plus an additional 620,000 acres of sunflowers, 345,000 acres of oats and 45,000 acres of barley, as well as 270,000 acres of sorghum and 11,000 acres of dry edible peas. The projections also included 3.4 million acres of all types of hay will be harvested as well. 

These planting intentions were released by the United States Department of Agriculture-National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA-NASS) on March 31st after surveying South Dakota farmers and ranchers. Approximately half of the surveys were answered and provided data for this report. 

A bar graph displaying soybean planting intentions from 2015 ti 2020. 2019 shows 5,200,000 acres and 2020 shows 5,400,000 acres. For a complete description, call SDSU Extension at 605-688-6729.
Figure 2. Soybean planting intentions 2015 to 2020.

Planting intentions were similar to 2019, with corn acres equaling 2019 intentions at 6 million acres.

Soybean acres were up 4 percent to 5.4 million acres, and all wheat acre intentions dropped to 80 percent of 2019 acres. 

While field conditions and weather this spring will ultimately determine which crops are actually planted, the report provides early market information they can use to develop their individual pre-harvest marketing plan.

Figures 1, 2, and 3 provide a visual of the planting intentions reported by NASS since 2015.

A bar graph displaying wheat planting intentions from 2015 ti 2020. 2019 shows nearly 2,000,000 acres. 2020 shows 1,500,000 acres. For a complete description, call SDSU Extension at 605-688-6729.
Figure 3. All Wheat planting intentions 2015 to 2020.

Combined, South Dakota farmers have planned on planting 12.6 to 13.2 million acres of corn, soybeans and wheat during 2015 to 2020. Wet conditions and drought ultimately determine the final planting numbers and actual harvested acres of each crop.

Related Topics

Farm Business Management