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aerial view of South Dakota farm and surrounding land

Pest & Crop Newsletter

SDSU Extension publishes the South Dakota Pest & Crop Newsletter to provide growers, producers, crop consultants, and others involved in crop production with timely news pertinent to management of pests, diseases, and weeds in South Dakota.

Soybean leaves with several bright green lesions progressing into tears with brown crusting along the edges.

Bacterial Blight Common in Soybean Fields

Several soybean fields scouted the week of July 15, 2019 were found with bacterial blight developing. The frequent rains experienced in most soybean growing counties have led to the development of this disease. Bacterial blight affected leaves are most evident on younger leaves in the upper canopy.

Base of soybean stem with orange larvae present under the epidermis.

How to Scout For Soybean Gall Midge

Soybean gall midge have been reported in three counties in South Dakota in the past week: Clay, Union and Lincoln. Scouting for soybean gall midge can be as simple as finding wilting or dying plants along the edge of the field, or it can be rather difficult if the plants are currently asymptomatic.

Three colored bean leaf beetles. From left: brown, red, and yellow.

Bean Leaf Beetles Are Back: Adults Observed Near Beresford

Earlier this year, we observed a large emergence of overwintering bean leaf beetles throughout much of the state. We are again observing quite a few bean leaf beetles beginning to emerge. These emerging beetles are the result of overwintering beetles mating and laying eggs.

Three common soybean defoliating pests. From left: Green cloverworm, grasshopper nymphs, and thistle caterpillar.

Monitor Soybean for Defoliating Insects

While scouting soybean this week I noticed quite a few defoliating insects that were present in the field. So far, the feeding injury is minimal, but it is a reminder that we need to be diligent in monitoring leaves for defoliation and fields for these insect pests.

A green soybean plant with purple and white flowers begining to develop.

Current Weather Conditions Are Conducive White Mold Development in Soybeans

Frequent rains and overcast conditions continue to occur in South Dakota’s main soybean growing counties. These conditions favor white mold development. In some of these counties, soybean is already at R1, which is also the best timing for fungicide application targeting white mold control.

Green soybean with wilting/dying soybean within the same row.

Soybean Gall Midge Larvae Found in South Dakota

Although we have yet to capture any adult soybean gall midges, the reports and observations of soybean gall midge larvae in soybean are pouring in this week. In Clay and Union counties, infested soybeans are now showing signs, with plants beginning to wilt and die in some cases.

pair of hands holding soil

SDSU Extension to Host Conservation Drainage Workshop at Southeast Research Farm

July 10, 2019

SDSU Extension will be hosting a drainage workshop Wednesday, July 17 and Thursday, July 18 starting at 9:00 a.m. CDT at South Dakota State University’s Southeast Research Farm.

Conservation, Soil Health, Soil Fertility, Soybean, Wheat, Corn, Cover Crops, Field Pea, Flax, Oats, Oilseed, Pulse Crops, Sorghum, Sunflower, Crop Management, Crop Treatments

Black and white county map of South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska and Iowa. Red dots within counties indicate soybean gall midge emergence. Black dots represent trap locations.

Soybean Gall Midge Are Emerging Around Us, But No Captures in S.D.

Last year, the soybean gall midge caused a lot of issues in soybean, including lodging and up to 50% yield loss. In an effort to determine when soybean gall midge adults are emerging in 2019, a network of emergence traps has been established in South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota. So far, emergence of the adult soybean gall midge have been reported from Iowa, Nebraska and Minnesota.

healthy rangeland with a diverse variety of grasses and plants throughout

SDSU Extension Hosts 2019 Forage Field Day in Beresford August 7

June 24, 2019

August 7, 2019 SDSU Extension will host a Forage Field Day for livestock producers, agronomists and industry clientele interested in producing and storing high quality forages.

Forage, Crop Management, Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Corn, Wheat, Field Pea, Flax, Oats, Oilseed, Pulse Crops, Sorghum, Soybean, Sunflower