SDSU Extension publishes the South Dakota Pest & Crop Newsletter to provide growers, producers, crop consultants, and others involved in crop production with timely news pertinent to management of pests, diseases, and weeds in South Dakota.
All Soybean Content
Several soybean fields scouted the week of July 15, 2019 were found with bacterial blight developing. The frequent rains experienced in most soybean growing counties have led to the development of this disease. Bacterial blight affected leaves are most evident on younger leaves in the upper canopy.
Soybean gall midge have been reported in three counties in South Dakota in the past week: Clay, Union and Lincoln. Scouting for soybean gall midge can be as simple as finding wilting or dying plants along the edge of the field, or it can be rather difficult if the plants are currently asymptomatic.
Earlier this year, we observed a large emergence of overwintering bean leaf beetles throughout much of the state. We are again observing quite a few bean leaf beetles beginning to emerge. These emerging beetles are the result of overwintering beetles mating and laying eggs.
While scouting soybean this week I noticed quite a few defoliating insects that were present in the field. So far, the feeding injury is minimal, but it is a reminder that we need to be diligent in monitoring leaves for defoliation and fields for these insect pests.
Frequent rains and overcast conditions continue to occur in South Dakota’s main soybean growing counties. These conditions favor white mold development. In some of these counties, soybean is already at R1, which is also the best timing for fungicide application targeting white mold control.
Although we have yet to capture any adult soybean gall midges, the reports and observations of soybean gall midge larvae in soybean are pouring in this week. In Clay and Union counties, infested soybeans are now showing signs, with plants beginning to wilt and die in some cases.
July 10, 2019
SDSU Extension will be hosting a drainage workshop Wednesday, July 17 and Thursday, July 18 starting at 9:00 a.m. CDT at South Dakota State University’s Southeast Research Farm.
Last year, the soybean gall midge caused a lot of issues in soybean, including lodging and up to 50% yield loss. In an effort to determine when soybean gall midge adults are emerging in 2019, a network of emergence traps has been established in South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota. So far, emergence of the adult soybean gall midge have been reported from Iowa, Nebraska and Minnesota.
June 24, 2019
August 7, 2019 SDSU Extension will host a Forage Field Day for livestock producers, agronomists and industry clientele interested in producing and storing high quality forages.