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sun rising over South Dakota field

SDSU Extension Ag Economics Dialogues Webinar Focus on the 2018 Farm Bill Commodity Safety Net Decisions & Market Outlook

June 04, 2019

SDSU Extension will host Ag Economics Dialogues Webinar, which will focus on the 2018 farm bill commodity safety net decisions and market outlook, June 14, 2019 from 10 a.m. to Noon (central). In addition to the webinar, the Ag Economics Dialogues will be held live in Sioux Falls at the SDSU Extension Regional Center (2001 E. 8th Street).

Markets/Prices, Corn, Field Pea, Flax, Oats, Oilseed, Pulse Crops, Sorghum, Soybean, Sunflower, Wheat, Economics

A corn field in South Dakota looking very wet due to flooding from spring rains and melted snow.

Cover Crop Considerations for Planting Season 2019

June 03, 2019

Cover crops may be good options for South Dakota growers unable to plant due to high waters and saturated soils.

Cover Crops, Crop Management, Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, Soil Fertility, Soil Health, Forage

A grass forage blend grows in a central SD field as Red cattle graze.

Alternative Forages to Consider this Spring

June 03, 2019

With the excessively wet planting conditions across much of South Dakota, many producers are looking for other options to meet forage needs for their livestock, or commodities that can be marketed to livestock producers.

Forage, Crop Management, Soil Fertility, Oats, Corn, Sorghum, Cover Crops

Group of red and black cattle eating silage from a feed bunk.

Late Planted Corn and Cattle Feeding

June 03, 2019

With the challenges of getting crops planted this year, many farmers are likely weighing their options and re-considering their planting intentions. For producers who can market feedstuffs through livestock (particularly cattle), it may be premature to completely abandon corn simply due to calendar dates, explained Warren Rusche, SDSU Extension Beef Feedlot Management Associate.

Corn, Beef Cattle, Crop Management, Markets/Prices

A wet, unplanted field with water pooling and running off into a ditch.

Is Herbicide Carryover a Concern in Wet Weather?

Wet conditions have forced the need to change planting plans. In some cases, crops are planted in areas that were not planned for that crop this year. One factor in moving crops that cannot be overlooked is carryover. Does the ground to be planted have a carryover restriction for the desired crop to be planted?

Purple-brown caterpillar with orange head on a green corn leaf.

Common Stalk Borer Activity Update: May 30, 2019

Another cool, wet week has led to a limited accumulation of degree days. Based on our calculations, common stalk borer activity still doesn’t warrant any scouting, but spraying field edges should be avoided around Hot Springs, Winner and Vermillion.

A small green corn plant that has been cut and is laying on the ground.

Monitor Newly Emerged Corn for Black Cutworm Activity

There are several important insect pests that can severely injure corn during the early vegetative stages. One of these pests is the black cutworm. Although black cutworm caterpillars injure corn by feeding on leaf tissue, the serious damage occurs when caterpillar feeding results in the cutting of young corn plants.

Corn growing degree day tool for Brookings County, S.D. Options selected include 80-day maturity hybrid planted on June 10, and comparison with 2013 growing season accumulated growing degree days.

2019 Corn Growing Degree Day Update

Growth and development in crops are a direct response to accumulated heat units or growing degree days (GDD). The Corn GDD Tool at the High Plains Regional Climate Center can be a useful resource for not only estimating crop growth stage, but also for selecting hybrids within the appropriate maturity group.

A shiny caterpillar with a light brown head, dark brown body, and three yellow stripes down the length of its back.

Watch Corn for Bronzed Cutworm Activity

Bronzed cutworms are not a common pest of corn in South Dakota. However, they can become an issue when corn is planted into areas that were previously grassland. Like its name implies, bronze cutworms feed on corn above the soil surface, which often results in cutting or clipping.

a stretching field of green corn plants

Corn Production Costs in the Northern Great Plains

Supply and demand regulates U.S. agricultural and non-agricultural markets all the time. Prices increase when scarcity of a certain item is anticipated. Similarly, prices drop if the market is saturated because of oversupply or there is a reduced demand for the product.