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Teen boy and adult male reviewing specimens under magnifying glass.

Science of Agriculture - Quick Start Guide and Topics

Use this guide to navigate the complete Science of Agriculture program; from recruiting team members all the way through celebrating at the end of the season.

a father and son inspecting a show goat in a competition.

Bringing Home Your 4-H Goat Project

Sales and transport is a stressful time for any animal. Reducing stress factors due to transitions start before the actual purchase of your new project. Managing proper nutrition and disease management are just a couple factors to help your project get off to a great start.

an image showing beef cuts

Adding Value to the Beef Carcass: Getting to know the value cuts

A typical beef animal can produce a carcass that weighs between 700 and 900 pounds. Approximately 50% of that weight consists of the chuck (fore quarter or shoulder portion) and the round (hind quarter). Traditionally the chuck and round are fabricated into either 1) roasts that require slow, moist heat cookery, 2) steaks that require some type of tenderization to improve palatability or 3) trim for ground beef.

an image showing beef cuts

Buying Beef at the Grocery Store

Selecting the proper cut of beef for the type of dinner you want can be a challenge. Many retail stores carry over 20 different beef cuts in the fresh meat retail case. The tremendous number of choices available to beef consumers offers a cut for any meal, but can also leave the most confident consumer puzzled as to the proper cut that should be purchased in order to make a great steak, fajitas, or old fashioned pot roast. Below is a guide to help you select the ideal beef cut for your occasion.

A grilled tri-tip steak on a cutting board. Courtesy: Mark Miller [CC BY-SA 3.0]

How to Grill Amazing Beef Tri-Tip

The beef tri-tip is a newer cut that has become increasingly popular in the recent years due to its excellent flavor characteristics. We have put together a list of tips that will you get started to making a great tri-tip on the grill.

food thermometer being callibrated in oven

How to Calibrate a Meat Thermometer

A properly calibrated meat thermometer is key for achieving both meat safety and quality.

spare rib with a bbq rub applied

Tips for Making a BBQ Rub

A rub is simply a blend of herbs, peppers, spices or seasonings that are blended to add flavor by coating the surface of meat.

A herd of cattle grazing near a pond on an open range.

Cattle and Land Conservation in South Dakota

Analysis of results from a 2017 South Dakota farmer survey reveals that cattlemen tend to be more land conservation oriented than their grain farming counterparts.

A group of cattle grazing on crop residue.

Farm Practices That Improve Soil Health: Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems

An integrated crop-livestock system can provide an alternative management strategy that benefits producer’s income, soil health, and the environment—all while increasing production.

male 4-H youth showing a black beef cow

Why Tattoo Your 4-H Livestock?

Proper identification of animals helps create an honest record keeping system. With current DNA blood typing procedures animals can be identified through parentage, but when it comes to everyday practices on the farm or ranch a good tattoo can be a huge time saver in the event of a lost ear tag.